Roman Republic

moneyer L. Julius L. f. Caesar, 103 BC

AR denarius, 17mm, 3.9 gm

Obv:  Helmeted head of Mars left; CAESAR; ・retrograde C (L?)above

Rev:  Venus Genetrix in chariot left, drawn by two Cupids; lyre to left; ・retrograde C (L?) above

Ref:  Crawford 320/1

Jencek E-auction 26, lot 58, 14 October 2014. Ex CNG XXXI lot 699, September 1994; ex RBW Collection

About this moneyer

 

L. Julius Caesar, grandfather of Marc Anthony and cousin of  Julius Caesar of Ides of March fame, was one of the earliest members of the family to attain the consulship.  Governor of Macedonia in 94 BC, and consul during the Social War, he passed the basic law which offered Roman citizenship to the Italian allies; as censor along with P. Licinius Crassus, grandfather of the triumvir, he helped to enroll the first of them.  He was an opponent of Marius and was killed on the latter's return to Rome in 87 BC. He was also the grandfather of Mark Antony.  (modified from CNG's archives)

 

Why Venus Genetrix?

 

The Julian family claimed descent from Venus through the Trojan exile Aeneas. As for the use of Cupid on this coin, Cupid/Eros is by some accounts the infant of Venus. I guess Venus was making the most of her children's gifts although one could argue that it's child abuse.

 

Regarding the  control marks

 

From Crawford's Roman Republican Coinage:  "The control-marks are the letters of the Latin alphabet as far as S, normally disposed or reversed, alone or accompanied by one or two dots; the control-mark on the reverse is invariably the same as on the obverse, except that the dots sometimes get lost in the rest of the type.  No pair of control-marks has more than one pair of dies."

 

About the RBW Collection

 

RBW curated an outstanding collection of Roman Republican coins, jumping from US coins to his first ancient coin in 1960. Like many of us, he was amazed that an ordinary person could own such an antiquity-- and for so little money! Next he bought a book-- Sydenham's work on coins of the Roman Republic-- and then he was hooked. Without coin collecting heirs, he decided to sell his collection late in life. The first part was offered by NAC in 2011. The rest of his brief autobiography and a delightful introduction by Roberto Russo can be read in the NAC auction brochure. It's definitely worth a read.

These cupid bigas weren't very aerodynamic.  Wheel placement was an issue too.